Scientist profiles M-R
Sunnybrook Research Institute
Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre
2075 Bayview Ave., Room M3 200
Research coordinator: Meera Sidhu
- MBChB, University of Edinburgh, Scotland
Appointments and Affiliations:
- Associate scientist, evaluative clinical sciences, Holland Musculoskeletal Research Program, Sunnybrook Research Institute
- Associate member, Institute of Medical Sciences, University of Toronto
- Associate professor, department of anesthesia, University of Toronto
- Reduction of pain and disability following orthopaedic surgery
- Use of ultrasound to increase efficacy and safety of regional anesthesia
- Barriers to use of regional anesthesia in orthopaedic surgical practice
Dr. McCartney's research is focused on the following areas:
Multimodal analgesia to enhance perioperative rehabilitation
He is involved in multidisciplinary and multicentre efforts to evaluate the effects of varying analgesic regimes on patient rehabilitation in the postoperative period.
Use of ultrasound in regional anesthesia
The use of ultrasound in regional anesthesia is a new and exciting method of placing local anesthetic around nerves potentially enabling greater success and decreased adverse effects. Dr. McCartney's team is leading efforts to evaluate and teach this new technology with high-quality interventional studies and teaching at local, national and international levels.
Barriers to use of regional anesthesia in orthopaedic surgery
Regional anesthesia has shown many benefits for patients having major orthopaedic surgery including reductions in mortality and major morbid outcomes. However, the use of these techniques remains surprisingly low in many centres. Dr. McCartney's team aims to determine the common barriers to the use of regional anesthesia and to examine ways to increase use of these beneficial techniques in practice.
- Riazi S, Carmichael N, Awad I, Holtby R, McCartney CJ. Does a low volume ultrasound-guided technique reduce common complications of interscalene brachial plexus block. Br J Anaesth. 2008 Oct;101:549–56.
- Chan VW, Perlas A, McCartney CJL, Brull R, Abbas S, Xu D. A randomized-controlled study of ultrasound versus nerve stimulation for axillary brachial plexus block. Can J Anaesth. 2007 Mar;54:176–82.
- McCartney CJL, Duggan E, Apatu E. A qualitative systematic review of the effect of clonidine as analgesic adjuvant when added to local anesthetic for peripheral nerve block. Reg Anesth Pain Med. 2007 Sep–Oct; 32 (4):330–8.
- Oldman M, McCartney CJL, Leung A, Rawson R, Gadsden J, Perlas A et al. A survey of orthopedic surgeons attitudes and knowledge regarding regional anesthesia. Anesth Analg. 2004 May; 98(5):1486–90.
- McCartney CJL, Brull R, Chan VW, Katz J et al. Faster discharge but no prolonged benefit at home with regional anesthesia compared to general anesthesia following ambulatory hand surgery. Anesthesiology. 2004 Aug; 101:461–7.
Related News and Stories:
- That's a relief (PDF from Sunnybrook Research Institute magazine, 2011)
- The not-so cold shoulder (PDF from Sunnybrook Research Institute magazine, 2009)