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Patient Education: Diseases Conditions Treatments & Procedures

Congestive Heart Failure


CHF is treated with adopting "healthy habits" and taking regular medication

The treatment for CHF aims to:

  • reduce the work of the heart
  • increase the heart's strength to pump
  • control the retention of fluid

Lifestyle changes are important and help control your symptoms and improve quality of life.

Guidelines include:

  • reducing sodium (salt) in your diet
  • limiting fluid intake (water, coffee, tea, soup, etc.)
  • taking daily weight
  • limiting alcohol consumption
  • rid smoking habits
  • balance activity with rest
  • include some exercise in daily routine

Multiple medications are often required for the management of CHF. When taken regularly, medication is effective at relieving symptoms and prolonging life

Medication may include some or all of the following drugs:

  • ACE inhibitors (e.g. lisinopril, enalapril) dilate blood vessels and reduces the heart's workload.
  • Beta-Blockers (e.g. metoprolol, atenolol, carvedilol) reduce arrhythmias and improve the left ventricle's ability to pump effectively.
  • Diuretics(e.g. lasix/furosemide, aldactone) eliminates water and sodium through the kidneys to help swelling and shortness of breath.
  • Inotropes (e.g. digoxin) increases the strength of the heart to contract and helps reduce symptoms.